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This report denounces the systemic anti-Black racism experienced by Afro-descendant persons in Quebec, the province with the second-largest Black population in Canada. This form of racism is visible in all areas of society but especially in the laws, policies, programs, decisions and practices of the governments of Quebec and Canada. It violates numerous international human rights treaties to which Canada is bound, including the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD).(1


To illustrate the extent of systemic anti-Black racism in Quebec and more broadly in Canada, we chose to document the discrimination faced by Black persons in three areas: health, immigration and the judicial and prison environments.


1  International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, December 21, 1965, 660 U.N.T.S. 195 (entry into force January 4, 1966; ratification by Canada October 14, 1970).

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